Johann Sebastian Bach: The Learned Musician
By Christoph Wolff
Finalist for the 2001 Pulitzer Prize in Biography, this landmark ebook was once revised in 2013 to incorporate new wisdom came across after its preliminary publication.
Although we've heard the track of J. S. Bach in numerous performances and recordings, the composer himself nonetheless comes throughout purely as an enigmatic determine in one regularly occurring portrait. As we mark the 250th anniversary of Bach's loss of life, writer Christoph Wolff provides a brand new photograph that brings to lifestyles this towering determine of the Baroque period. This enticing new biography portrays Bach because the dwelling, respiring, and infrequently imperfect man or woman that he used to be, whereas bringing to endure the entire advances of the final half-century of Bach scholarship. Wolff demonstrates the intimate connection among the composer's existence and his tune, displaying how Bach's awesome inventiveness pervaded his occupation as musician, composer, performer, pupil, and instructor. And all through, we see Bach within the broader context of his time: its associations, traditions, and impacts. With this hugely readable ebook, Wolff units a brand new usual for Bach biography.
forty two black and white illustrations
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Might 9–Jul. 15 With Prince Leopold in Carlsbad Nov. 15 Son Leopold Augustus born; baptized Nov. 17 Dec. 10 Birthday of Prince Leopold: functionality of BWV 66a, Anh. five 1719 Mar. 1 journey to Berlin; buy of a harpsichord for the princely court docket ~Jun. Failed try at assembly George Frideric Handel in Halle Sep. 28 Son Leopold Augustus dies 1720 Jan. 22 name web page of Clavier-Büchlein for Wilhelm Friedemann past due May–Jul. 7 With Prince Leopold in Carlsbad Jul. 7 Burial of Bach’s spouse, Maria Barbara mid-Nov.
16gr. to Georg Christoph Weller for the lease of the horses and messenger’s pay, four thlr. to Mr. Bach as repayment, and 1 fl. for the time that he was once right here, for meals and accommodation, creating a overall of eight fl. thirteen gr. ”61 it's obvious from those figures that Bach was once taken care of as a certified in each appreciate (and even stated by way of a identify he didn't hold). His shuttle to and from Arnstadt used to be prepared by means of deepest trainer, he obtained an honest in line with diem (nearly a 6th of his quarterly wage on the Weimar court), and he was once paid a cheap honorarium for the exam.
Even supposing check documents haven't survived, a extra precise agreement manage for Bach’s moment successor, Christoph Bieler, offers the mandatory details and likewise tells us concerning the organist’s tasks at St. Blasius’s. in accordance with this 1730 rfile, the organist was once anticipated “to play figural[iter] and choral[iter]”—that is, to accomplish preludes, fugues, and chorale gildings in addition to accompany congregational hymns—“on all Sundays and ceremonial dinner days and remarkable vacations [Marian feasts and people commemorating the apostles] on the Matins, morning, and afternoon prone of St.
Seventy eight. Indicative of the various interfamily connections is the truth that Adam Imanuel Weldig, Bach’s colleague on the Weimar court docket capelle and later a member of the Weissenfels capelle, was once godfather in 1713 to a toddler born to the Weissenfels trumpeter Georg Christian Meissner and Anna Magdalena’s sister Katharina. A yr later, Bach and Weldig exchanged godparentships: Weldig as godfather to Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Bach to Johann Friedrich Immanuel Weldig (see BDII, nos. 67–68). seventy nine. inside of a number of months, her wage matched that of the highest-paid chamber musician, Joseph Spieß (300 talers).
John as some extent of departure and based the whole paintings round the layout of the biblical narrative. The musical disposition of the eagerness in actual fact means that Bach established his composition on a detailed interpreting of the biblical discussion and its literary constitution, particularly within the tribunal scene partially II, important to the fervour tale within the e-book of John. a probable place to begin for Bach’s compositional plan used to be the life of repeated textual content passages within the Gospel account, similar to the phrases “Jesum von Nazareth” and “Kreuzige ihn.